android 完全退出应用程序

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android退出应用程序会调用android.os.Process.killProcess(android.os.Process.myPid())或是System.exit(0),这只是针对第一个Activity(也就是入口的Activity)时生效。如果有A,B,C三个Activity,而想在B或C中Activity退出,调用上面的方法,往往会销毁当前的Activity返回上一个Activity。当然也可以逐个返回上一个Activity,直到跳转到入口的Activity,最后退出应用程序。但这样比较麻烦,而且逐个返回的体验并不友好。

网上比较流行的方法是定义栈,写一个ExitApplication类,利用单例模式管理Activity,在每个在Activity的onCreate()方法中调用ExitApplication.getInstance().addActivity(this)方法,在退出时调用ExitApplication.getInstance().exit()方法,就可以完全退出应用程序了。
ExitApplication类
代码如下:

 

import java.util.LinkedList;
import java.util.List;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.Application;

public class ExitApplication extends Application {

	private List activityList = new LinkedList();
	private static ExitApplication instance;

	private ExitApplication()
	{
	}
	//单例模式中获取唯一的ExitApplication实例
	public static ExitApplication getInstance()
	{
	if(null == instance)
	{
	instance = new ExitApplication();
	}
	return instance; 

	}
	//添加Activity到容器中
	public void addActivity(Activity activity)
	{
	activityList.add(activity);
	}
	//遍历所有Activity并finish

	public void exit()
	{

	for(Activity activity:activityList)
	{
	activity.finish();
	}

	System.exit(0);

	}
	}

下面的三个类IndexActivity, BActivity,CActivity是简单的例子,分别是IndexActivity–>BActivity–>CActivity的跳转顺序。在每个Activity类中onCreate()方法中调用ExitApplication.getInstance().addActivity(Activity activity)方法。在任何一个Activity界面退出应用程序时,只要调用ExitApplication.getInstance().exit()方法,就可以在任何一个Activity中完全退出应用程序。
IndexActivity 类源代码:

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;

public class IndexActivity extends Activity {
    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);

        Button next=(Button)findViewById(R.id.next_to_b);
        next.setOnClickListener(nextClick);

        Button exit=(Button)findViewById(R.id.exit_main);
        exit.setOnClickListener(exitClick);
        ExitApplication.getInstance().addActivity(this);

    }

    OnClickListener nextClick=new OnClickListener() {

		@Override
		public void onClick(View v) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub

			Intent intent=new Intent(IndexActivity.this,BActivity.class);
			startActivity(intent);

		}
	};

    OnClickListener exitClick=new OnClickListener() {

		@Override
		public void onClick(View v) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			ExitApplication.getInstance().exit();
		}
	};
}

BActivity 类源代码:

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;

public class BActivity extends Activity {

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

setContentView(R.layout.b);
Button next_to_c=(Button)findViewById(R.id.next_to_c);
next_to_c.setOnClickListener(next_to_cClick);

Button exit_b=(Button)findViewById(R.id.exit_b);
exit_b.setOnClickListener(exitClick);
ExitApplication.getInstance().addActivity(this);

}

OnClickListener next_to_cClick=new OnClickListener() {

@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub

Intent intent=new Intent(BActivity.this,CActivity.class);
startActivity(intent);

}
};

OnClickListener exitClick=new OnClickListener() {

@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
ExitApplication.getInstance().exit();
}
};
}

CActivity 类源代码:

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;

public class CActivity extends Activity{

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

setContentView(R.layout.c);

Button exit_c=(Button)findViewById(R.id.exit_c);
exit_c.setOnClickListener(exitClick);
ExitApplication.getInstance().addActivity(this);

}

OnClickListener exitClick=new OnClickListener() {

@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
ExitApplication.getInstance().exit();
//如果只是调用以下其中的一个方法,并不会完全退出应用
//android.os.Process.killProcess(android.os.Process.myPid());
//System.exit(0);
}
};

}

源码下载ExitActivity.zip

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